As there aren’t any historical records to support it, just like the source of playing cards, the source of solitaire is mostly unknown. There’s controversy and much conjecture in regards to the annals as to where it really started, of Solitaire. Yet the initial written documentation of solitaire does not show up until the ending of the 16th century and since then has had at one time had a less than stellar reputation and a long history.
Around the 12th century the game “Alqirq” (the factory, in Arabic), which afterwards became the game of “Alquerque”, was the most common game until round the conclusion of the 12th century in Europe. Playing cards were first introduced in the 1300s in Italy. In Northern Europe they became popular throughout that time. There’s a card game called Tarok that was devised around that time which is still played to this day. Additionally it is considered that solitaire games were first played with tarot cards, which may suggest that solitaire most probably preceded conventional multiplayer card games.
The French engraving of Princess de Soubise showing her playing a card game, dates from 1697. Legend says that
solitaire was invented by Pelisson, a French mathematician, to amuse Louis XIV – known as “Roi Soleil” (Sun King). Another legend says that the ill-fated French nobleman, while imprisoned in the Bastille, formulated the game by means of a Fox & Geese Board (the Fox & Geese Board continues to be put to use for various board games in Northern Europe since the Vikings). There’s uncertainty about those legends, since Ovide wrote in regards to the game and described it in his novel “Ars Amatoria”.
The conclusion of the sixteenth century was an active interval for the creation of numerous card games. When the ace first seemed as high instead of low in the ranks of the cards, this is. Several new card games were devised in this time around and new versions were added, which means that is probably a time when solitaire games named and were devised at the same time.